Kerguelen

kerguelen

This caractère room of 20m2, with it's natural and soft tones, wood ceiling and exposed beam, is composed with an independant bathroom with one vask, a shower, towel dryer and hair dryer. It is equiped with a king size bed of 160.

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A piece of history

Yves Joseph of Kerguelen de Trémarec (February 13, 1734, manor of Trémarec, Landudal (Finistère) - March 3, 1797, Paris) is a naval officer and a French navigator, discoverer of the southern seas.

Having no fortune, he embarked at 16 as a marine guard in the Royal Navy after studying at a college of Jesuits. On the occasion of an assignment in Dunkirk, he married in 1758 Marie-Laurence de Bonte. His father-in-law, former burgomaster of Dunkirk, armed the Sage, a ship of 56 guns and 450 crewmen, racing during the Seven Years' War. Kerguelen took command in 1761 to lead a campaign in the Caribbean, which will prove very fruitful.

Lieutenant in 1763, he carried out hydrographic surveys in Brittany, which determined his admission to the Navy Academy as a deputy member.

In 1767, he obtained the command of La Folle to carry out a campaign of protection of cod fishermen in Iceland. In 1768, he returned to the North Atlantic (Greenland and Bergen) with the corvette l'Hirondelle and became familiar with navigation in the cold seas. In 1768 he brought back two white bears for the menagerie of King Louis XV.

"I went to Versailles in September 1770, to propose to the Duke de Praslin, Minister of the Navy, the plan for a discovery campaign in the Antarctic seas. I saw that it was not the moment to undertake such operations. [...] The affairs having then [arranged] with the court of England, [...] the occasion became favorable to propose the voyage of discovery. [...] I was given the command of the ship of King Berrier, who was in the East. [...] I embarked 14 months of food for 300 crewmen. [...] The first day of May [1771], I set sail. [...] I cut the line on June 10 by twenty-two degrees west longitude of the meridian of Paris, which I will always use [...] I arrived at the Isle of France August 20. "

During his stopover on the island of France, he is well received by the governor of Roches and Intendant Poivre. He also meets Commerson, Marion-Dufresne, and the young Lapérouse. He replaces his big ship against the flute La Fortune and the gabarre Gros Ventre, two lighter ships, better adapted to the object of his mission. On February 12, 1772, in the southern Indian Ocean, he saw a land where he thought he saw the southern continent, and gave it the name of southern France. It is actually the Kerguelen Islands. Heavy weather prevents any landing until February 14, the day a sign can land and take possession of the territory in the name of the king.

The storm separates the ships, and Kerguelen continues on his way alone, abandoning the Big Belly then commanded by Louis de Saint Aloüarn. He arrives at Brest on July 16, 1772, while the second ship awaits him and searches for him in vain. It will continue the stops in the order announced, in appalling conditions, to Timor and the Australian coast before returning to the Île de France on September 5th. Despite this adventure, Lapérouse tells us that Kerguelen was received in France as a new Christopher Columbus. At Versailles, he gives the king a very optimistic description of the resources of the lands he had discovered, convincing the king to order a second expedition. He does not know yet that the Big Belly has reappeared, nor that the testimonies of the survivors go against his.